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Grandparents' Visitation Rights in Ontario: Factors Considered by the Courts under the CLRA

grandparents holding two grandchildren

In Ontario, Canada, the legal system recognizes the importance of maintaining the bond between grandparents and grandchildren, but determining visitation rights involves careful consideration of various factors.

In Ontario, grandparents' rights regarding access or visitation with their grandchildren are regulated under the Children's Law Reform Act (CLRA). The CLRA recognizes the importance of preserving familial relationships and, in certain circumstances, allows grandparents to seek access to their grandchildren. However, it is essential to understand that the law does not automatically grant grandparents the right to visitation.

To obtain visitation rights as a grandparent, one must first demonstrate to the court that granting access would be in the child's best interests. Ontario courts prioritize the child's welfare above all else when deciding such matters.

Factors Considered by the Court

When determining whether granting grandparents visitation rights would be in the child's best interests, Ontario courts consider several factors. These may include:

  1. Previous Relationship: The court may evaluate the nature and extent of the pre-existing relationship between the grandparent and grandchild. A strong bond and a history of active involvement can strengthen a grandparent's case.

  2. Disruption to the Child: The potential impact of the visitation on the child's routine, stability, and overall well-being is considered. The court aims to ensure that visitation does not cause undue stress or negative consequences for the child.

  3. Parents' Wishes: The court will take into account the parent's wishes regarding visitation. If both parents are against allowing access to grandparents, the court may be more inclined to respect their decision unless exceptional circumstances exist.

  4. Parent-Child Relationship: The strength and stability of the relationship between the parent(s) and the child also come under scrutiny. If the parent-child relationship is already strained or unstable, the court may be more inclined to consider grandparent visitation.

  5. Child's Wishes: The court may consider the child's wishes in its assessment, particularly if they are of an age and maturity level, to express their preferences.

Legal Process

To pursue visitation rights, grandparents must file an application with the Ontario Court of Justice or the Superior Court of Justice. The process typically involves providing evidence and attending court hearings to present arguments supporting their case.

Mediation and Alternative Dispute Resolution

Before resorting to court, it is encouraged for grandparents and parents to attempt mediation or alternative dispute resolution processes. These methods can facilitate communication and allow families to reach a mutually agreeable arrangement outside of a formal court setting. Mediation can help resolve conflicts and find compromises that prioritize the child's best interests.

Here at INB, we recognize the complexities, pain and sensitivity required when dealing with issues of grandparents' rights. If you are a grandparent considering taking action to fight for the right to custody or access to your grandchildren, INB can assist you with navigating this challenge. Call us at 905-215-1905 or email us at

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